Tips to Write the INTRODUCTION for your Research Article
An introduction is akin to the “trailer” for an upcoming movie, intended to generate interest in your work.
When you draft the introduction of your research article, you should try to defend why your research is an indispensable constituent of investigation in the field. You should endeavor to apprise the audience/peer reviewers about the justification for your work. Purdue Owl and other universities seem to agree that there is the best way to do a research paper introduction.
Various researchers/scientists prefer to write the introduction at the end, so as to confirm that they do include all the major points of their work. Unlike the abstract, introduction usually does not have a word limit/restriction. Hence, though tricky, try as much as possible to keep it succinct.
The introduction should not start off with a lead like a newspaper article; rather it should be designed to provide the topic so that people are aware of what they will be reading about. It is advisable to structure your introduction around an outline. Following are some of the ways you can really hit this research article introduction home, along with a few cautions.
The introduction should focus on the principle of presenting the topic of the paper and setting it into a comprehensive perspective, steadily zoom down to your research hypothesis. Therefore, a good introduction elucidates how you worked upon solving the premise for your research and creates ‘clues’ to make the peer reviewer/audience aspire to explore more into your manuscript.
How to Structure the Introduction of your manuscript
Set the stage for the paper. You are whetting the reader’s appetite for what is to come, so make sure you choose compelling words, especially adjectives
A preferable start should put forth the historical perspective to your purpose of writing the paper. Remember it is not a literature review so stick to only the most relevant work in the same area of interest. Try using the “inverted triangle” approach1, where you begin with the bigger picture and narrow it down to the essentials.
Now follow the background with the justification of your work and its relevance in future. Reveal the rationale why you researched and how it adds to the literature and will be useful to the audience. Explain how your research fills the existing lacunae in your field. You could elucidate your objectives and the methodology you adopted to achieve your aims, and if you were able to reject the null hypothesis. An attempt should be made to address the Practice Gap. Practice gap is the difference between our current knowledge in the field and the current practices. It should be outlined how the research article can attempt to bridge the difference between the two.
Let the audience of your paper know what general or specific assumptions you made in your methodology. Also in very brief statement explain what type of research have you embarked upon, e.g. it may include but not restricted to the type of sample studied, blinding, randomization, power analysis etc.
It is always appreciated if you put forth the limitations in your study in the introduction so that the peer reviewers/readers can judge the strength of your research upfront.
Tips on crafting a good Introduction for your manuscript
Here are a few tips that can help you write an introduction, which would convince the peer reviewer/reader to go over your manuscript.
- Make it Concise
A lengthy and long-winded introduction will put the peer reviewer/reader off track. Stay close to the structure.
Clearly declassify the abbreviations that you use for the first time.
- Define the Hypothesis
At the conclusion of the introduction, the peer-reviewer/reader should understand precisely what you are trying to accomplish. Plausibly the introduction ought to end with your research hypothesis. If you clearly define the problem, it will be easier to conclude and defend yourself in the discussion section of your manuscript.
Prefer not using personal pronouns, poignant or dramatic statements. Do not make false claims, which you cannot defend in the manuscript, or advocate the need for further research. Don’t squash the reader’s interest with an over-abundance of literature review, save it for later.
- Revise, Correct, and Repeat
It would be foolhardy to not to emphasize the importance of using correct English grammar and syntax. Poor use of English will surely kill the interest in your paper. If possible have a person who has no background in the field read your introduction and comment on the message they received. This may sometimes help you catch certain unclear messages that you are trying to give.
Watch this video for some more help
- AP Singh MD (APtizer)
- Anurag Tewari MD
Image Courtesy: Imagebase
How to cite this article: Singh AP, Tewari A. (Jan 24, 2016). Tips to Write the Introduction of Your Manuscript? Retrieved from http://www.Pub4Sure.com/blog/ on [Month] [Day], [Year]
Also, read the following Articles that will help you write, organize and write an error-free manuscript that has high chances of getting accepted by the journal.
- TIPS ON WRITING A GOOD RESEARCH PAPER TITLE
- TIPS: HOW TO WRITE AN ABSTRACT FOR YOUR RESEARCH ARTICLE?
- TIPS TO WRITE THE INTRODUCTION FOR YOUR RESEARCH ARTICLE
- HOW TO WRITE THE METHODS SECTION OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE?
- HOW TO DRAFT THE RESULTS SECTION OF YOUR RESEARCH ARTICLE
- HOW TO WRITE THE DISCUSSION OF A RESEARCH ARTICLE?
- HOW TO WRITE REFERENCES IN YOUR RESEARCH ARTICLE
- HOW TO WRITE AN EFFECTIVE CASE REPORT FOR A JOURNAL?
- WHY PUBLISH YOUR SCIENTIFIC WORK IN A PEER-REVIEWED JOURNAL?
- WHY IS YOUR RESEARCH PAPER REJECTED BY THE JOURNAL?